Tulsi is one of the most important plants in Ayurveda medicine and know as ancient healer of all the diseases. It has antibiotic, antiviral, antibacterial and anti-carcinogenic properties that help to fight diseases like headaches, sore thought, cold, cough, flue and chest congestions.
Leaves and flowers contain different types of compounds (chemically known as flavonoids, phenols and tannins) which exhibit anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anti-fungal and antiseptic properties. Sage facilitates digestion and elimination of the excess water from the body (acts like diuretic). Tonics made of sage can improve growth of hair and they are often used in treatment of alopecia.
Flowers from the valerian plant were used to make perfume centuries ago, and the root portion has been used in traditional medicine for at least 2,000 years. Unlike its delicately scented flowers, valerian root has a very strong, earthy odour due to the volatile oils and other compounds responsible for its sedative effects.
Calendula also known as Calendula Souci is widely used in cosmetology, pharmacology, homeopathy and for the essential oils. Calendula contains huge amount of flavonoids and antioxidants that prevent the cell damages from free radials. Calendula secretes substances that purify the air and promote good sleep and rest.
Galega is a herbaceous plant considered for a long time as decorative, but is currently part of medicinal plants. It is especially recognised for its ability to lower blood sugar levels. Moreover, it is also recognised that galega has diuretic effects which prevent too much acidity of the blood. Thus, this plant has its hypoglycemic properties.
Stevia has drawn the attention of health conscious fitness lovers all over the planet as a non-caloric sweetener. Stevia has also been shown to have anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, diuretic and immunomodulatory effects. Being a non-carbohydrate sweetener, stevia would not favour the growth of the bacteria in the mouth which is attributed to be a causative agent of dental caries and tooth cavities.
Peppermint leaves contain several essential oils including menthol, menthone and limonene. Menthol gives peppermint its cooling properties and recognisably minty scent. While peppermint tea is often drunk for its flavour, it may also have several health benefits such as facilitation of digestion and reliefs headaches. Also it fights infections.
Of all the plants, chamomile has the most scientific papers. It has indeed unique medicinal and cosmetic properties: anti-irritant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and anti-allergic properties. Even the leaves of the plant are edible: they go well with artichoke and contain a high level of vitamin C.
Also known as starflower, borage is an herb notable for its vibrant purple flowers and medicinal properties. In traditional medicine, borage has been used to dilate blood vessels, act as a sedative, and treat seizures. Both the leaves and flowers of the plant are edible and commonly used as a garnish, dried herb, or vegetable in a variety of drinks and dishes.